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  • One must be a fox in order to recognize traps, and a lion to frighten off wolves. Machiavelli Niccolo
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Visit Museo Galileo, Florence

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The Museo Galileo is the former Museo di Storia della Scienza. It contains one of the largest scientific instruments and tools collection from the Renaissance period up to the twentieth century. It is one of the most important museums in its field.

The oldest objects were donated by the Medici and Lorraine families. Among the various scientific objects, visitors will find mathematical, optical, astronomical, surgical and navigation devices. There is also a small collection of pocket watches, which date back to the end of the sixteenth century.

Among the most valuable relics housed in the museum is Galileo’s telescope. In 1609, Galileo discovered that the moon had valleys, plains and mountains like the Earth with this telescope. He also discovered the four largest moons of Jupiter. Another beautiful object is the first mercury barometer designed in 1634.

The museum has been housed in the Palazzo Castellani since 1930. It is one of the oldest buildings in Florence and there is evidence that it existed during the eleventh century.

Curiously, the museum also contains Galileo’s middle finger, which was separated from the rest of the body in 1737, when they were moving his body to the family crypt.